Alappuzha

Alappuzha is one of the districts in Kerala, India. It was formed as Alleppey on August 17, 1957 but the name of the district was officially changed to Alappuzha in 1990.

Alappuzha is one of the districts in Kerala, India. It was formed as Alleppey on August 17, 1957 but the name of the district was officially changed to Alappuzha in 1990. Alappuzha is a town with picturesque canals, backwaters and lagoons, was described as the "Venice of the East" by Lord Curzon. The place got its name from the large networks of canals. These provide Alappuzha its lifeline.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Alappuzha had a population of 177,079. Males constitute 48 per cent of the population and females 52 per cent. Alappuzha has an average literacy rate of 84 per cent, higher than the national average of 59.5 per cent.

History
The Town was founded by Divan of Travanacore - Raja Keshawadasan in 1762. Soon after Alappuzha was developed as a port by the Diwan Raja Kesavadas, the town started functioning as the main commercial centre of the state of Travancore. Export flourished from the port. Spices like pepper were the main export items. Thachil Mathoo Tharakan a close confidante of the Diwan pioneered the export of timber. Domestic trade was also active. Many traders from Gujarat came and settled down here to do trading, leading to the presence even now of a Gujarati community in the town. Later coir (different kinds of rope made from coconut fibre) became a major product of the town, both for local and world markets.
History says Alappuzha had trade relations with ancient Greece and Rome in B.C and in the Middle Ages, as well as with other parts of India. Alappuzha was once the busiest coast south of Mumbai, and its canals and backwaters helped in the passage of cargo - be it tea, rubber or other produces from the hills - to the sea. 

Tourist Attractions
The district is also famous for its coir and carpet industries. Alappuzha becomes a cynosure of all eyes in August-September, every year when the boat race competition takes place. House boats locally called "Kettuvallam" are available on hire on a daily basis as well as for longer duration to take visitors on the old waterways. Alappuzha has a lighthouse, which is a major tourist attraction. The white sand beach is a beautiful place to relax and enjoy the sea and sun. One of the chief attractions of Alappuzha is the houseboat cruises. You can glide through the azure backwaters and enjoy the dreamy, reposeful setting. Another attraction is the lighthouse and the pier that helped the boats ferry across, facilitating trade in their own way.  Today, the 1000 feet long pier at Alappuzha beach , built in 1862 by Captain Hugh Crawford is  a mere skeleton of its past.

Kuttanad, the rice bowl of Kerala is also in Alappuzha. Here cultivation and habitation are made possible at four to ten feet below sea level. You can see the unending stretch of paddy fields, small streams and canals with lush green coconut palms and picturesque backwaters. Most of the area is covered by water.

Posted Date: 24 Sep 2015 | Views (891)